The Best Oak Tree Varieties to Grow in Florida
Florida accommodates different trees such as palm, cypress, cedar, and birch. Oaks also grow well because of the moist soils and the lowland areas. They’re known to support life because they provide food and shelter to birds. Moreover, they soak air pollutants to ensure clean and fresh air. There are different species of oaks found here. Below are some of the best oak varieties to grow in Florida.
It’s a native deciduous tree belonging to the red oak group and the beech family. The leaf tip becomes more rounded as the years go by, and the leaflets are evergreen in all seasons. However, they turn bright red during winter. Shumard oaks make a good landscape in both residential and commercial setups.
Plant it in acidic, alkaline, or neutral soil, provided it’s humid. It also blossoms in drier soils but with frequent sprinkling. Before sowing, clear the garden and dig a hole of at least one square foot. Place the seed and cover the hole lightly. If you lack acorns, buy germinated ones from a nearby vendor and transplant them. It would be best to choose samples planted in deep containers rather than those with bear roots. They have challenges when transplanting. It would help if you grew it reasonably far from neighboring utilities such as swimming pools and buildings.
Proper care and maintenance are essential. It ensures that it grows to maturity and increases the life span. You can care for it by regular pruning. This enhances strong branchlet growth. Moreover, it removes the dead branches creating space for new growth. Also, you care for Shumard oak by frequent watering, especially when young. After two months, you can reduce the watering frequency to once a week. In addition, remove weeds around the tree to reduce competition for nutrients. However, avoid the use of herbicides near the tree. They cause deformation and discoloration on the foliage and narrow and elongated growth. Shumard oak trees are beneficial to people and wildlife. Below are the advantages of planting it.
Provides Strong Woods
Shumard is a valuable hardwood that produces solid wood. It ensures high-quality products such as furniture that lasts for an extended period. Moreover, maintenance of hardwood products is easy; you can quickly fix dents and clean the surfaces.
It’s among the most resilient trees you can have in your backyard. You don’t have to worry about it during adverse weather conditions. For example, it survives in floods due to its invasive root system with lateral rhizomes. It also survives storms and drought with minimal watering.
This is a magnificent variety with wide evergreen leaves. It’s adaptive to blossom in different soils with appropriate moisture. Planting Live necessitates sun in the initial stages. Therefore, select an area that receives direct sun away from your house. The site should be spacious to give room for the sprawling branches. Make a hole twice the size of the root turves and plant the seedling. It would be best to sow during dormancy to provide enough growing season. After planting, place soil around the root ball and mulch in the base. Ensure mulch isn’t close to the trunk to prevent the spread of the fungus. Change the mulch occasionally through the year.
When you think of planting a Live oak, also think of ways of caring for it. In the initial stages, it requires regular irrigation; otherwise, it will wither. Pruning is also vital for proper growth as it inhibits the sprouting of multiple extensions and promotes the development of one strong stock. To be effective, trim every year for the first three years. However, do not trim in the first month of summer to avoid captivating insects that transmit infections. Below are the benefits of growing Live.
Acts as a Windbreaker
It survives strong winds. So, it’ll protect your property against strong winds. Winds may break your power line, posing a significant danger to your family and pets. By planting this oak tree, you reduce the probability of that happening.
The trees benefit the surroundings by taking in carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, thus reducing the greenhouse effect. Also, they emit fresh oxygen into the atmosphere to ensure you breathe quality air.
It is a deciduous tree in the white group of the Fagaceae family. It is medium-sized with a short trunk and grows to 60 feet. The top is irregular, and the extensions are twisted. Its seeds are enclosed within the acorn cup hence the name overcup. It thrives well in wetlands and floodplains.
Overcup is among the easiest to grow landscape trees. Plant overcup in your garden, where it is exposed to direct sun. You can transplant it directly from a nursery in many forms. For example, barefoot, containers or burlap. The root system may be damaged when digging; therefore, providing sufficient top growth caters for the loss.
The care processes for this plant include regular watering. It would be best if you didn’t depend on rainwater to irrigate the tree. Its moisture may not move deep into the required inch. Thus, irrigation with long drips will enhance growth. Fertilization is also vital for this oak. Use fertilizers rich in phosphorous to boost root development. In addition, pruning enhances the development of overcup oak. It would be best if you pruned all the extra side branches. For seedlings without extensions, let them grow to the required height. Later, pinch the top to enable the outgrowths to develop from the lateral buds. Growing overcup provides several benefits.
Prevents Soil Erosion
As mentioned earlier, overcup grows in flooded areas with clay soils. Its roots compact the soil particles together, thus preventing erosion. In addition, the soils retain water which helps prevent runoff on your lawn.
Renewable Wood Source
Overcup is used for construction purposes and also for furniture to make cabinets. This means that the existing plant has to be cut down to provide the materials. Since it’s renewable, seedlings can be replanted to replace the cut trees. This is also important in preventing deforestation.
This a large, strong plant with a short trunk and many horizontal branches. It prefers slightly acidic to neutral soils. The soil should almost be humid and well drained. Planting white oak is quite simple. Prepare the area in advance by clearing the nearby bushes and burrowing the hole. Then transplant the seedling from the nursery into the hove before the first frost. The right time to transplant is during dormancy in the spring season.
Caring for white oak involves several activities. Provide enough light by planting it in an area with full sun. In the initial stages, it may survive under partial light; however, this becomes a challenge as the size increases. Also, please provide the correct temperature; it can survive under high temperatures. In addition, be careful when applying fertilizers. Ascertain that the nitrogen content is minimal to prevent weak branches’ growth. Regular watering is essential when white oak is young. It would be best if you watered it frequently until it is fully established. There are major benefits of growing white. They include;
Its Bark Manufactures Medicine
The bark of white oak can be used for medicinal purposes. It treats cold, fever, and cough. In addition, it is used to improve appetite and ease digestion. Consult your physician before taking the products.
They Provide Shade
White Oak grows huge with very many branches which form a canopy. What happens beneath the canopy? A shade for you.
Naturally, Bluejack is a shrub oak that grows in deep light soils. It is averagely sized for home and city lawns. At a distance, it resembles a live oak when young, but with closer inspection, you notice the blue frond and cupped leaflets. The shrub is recognizable by its hard bark and unique deciduous leaves. The seeds take two years to develop.
Sow the seeds immediately when mature and ripe. If they stay for long, they may dry up and lose viability. It’s recommended you grow them in deep pots with cold frames. They produce a deep taproot, so transplant them into the permanent position when they’re of the right age. It becomes challenging to transplant them if they remain in the nursery for more than two seasons.
Bluejack needs regular care and inspection to enhance its growth. Aphids attack the oak; therefore, routine inspection is essential. They sack sap from the leaves and the stem, leading to local chlorosis. Moreover, they weaken the entire plant making it susceptible to other pests and diseases. In addition, avoid dense shade because it is shade intolerant. The shadow should be partial with full sun for perfect growth. Weeding is also crucial for this species. Unnecessary plants and shrubs next to it hinder growth. This oak variety is beneficial to people and wild animals around it. Below are some advantages of growing bluejack oak.
Food for Wildlife
Certain wild animals depend on Bluejack oak for food. The acorns are an essential food item in the diet of animals such as squirrels, foxes, and rabbits. Birds such as wood ducks and wild turkeys also feed on acorns. Additionally, rabbits and deer feed on the twigs and young shoots of the tree.
Curbs Home Appeal
It is an attractive landscape plant that makes your backyard attractive. A beautiful backyard helps relieve mental health and maintain sanity during tough times.
Wood for Posts and Fuels
It provides good quality wood. However, it may not grow into large sizes due to the small nature of the plant. Thus, it’s ideal for fence posts. Moreover, it is a good source of firewood. It burns off well, providing good heat.
Used for Medicinal Purposes
Some ancient cultures used bluejack for medicinal purposes. They take the tannins in the leaves, bark, and seeds to treat conditions such as acute diarrhea and hemorrhages. Always seek professional advice before using Bluejack medically.
It’s a great shade tree that grows in estates and alongside walks. It blossoms in wetlands and near water sources; however, it can survive in dry areas with well-drained acidic soils. It belongs to the red oak but lacks lobed leaflets. The leaves have bristle-like hair at the end of the foliage.
You can plant willow from the stem of an existing tree. Take a healthy branch and bury it in moist humus. Within a month, it starts forming roots, and in a short while, the root system will be well developed to support growth.
For fast sprouting and development, provide proper care and attention. Choose an area that offers enough sunlight with well-drained, moist soils. After planting, soak it in enough water and ensure frequent sprinkling. You should provide long slow drinks for the roots to grow deeper. It is drought resistant; however, water it in case of prolonged drought to avoid wilting. During the initial stages, use nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium fertilizers in the right quantities. The shrub is a soft wood; therefore, pruning is encouraged to create balance and prevent the breakage of extensions. In addition, weed control is essential for growth. Use mulch at its base to suppress the growth of weeds. This tree is beneficial to people and the life around them. Below are some pros of having willow oak in your garden.
Provides Enough Shade
It ensures enough shade in your compound. Additionally, the dropping branches provide a cooling effect which helps reduce the expense of running an AC.
Easy to Maintain
Maintenance of willow oak is reasonably affordable. At maturity, you don’t have to irrigate it frequently unless during prolonged dry seasons. In addition, it suffers minimal pests and diseases. Thus, you’ll save on costs you would otherwise use to purchase pesticides.
Despite the above advantages, willow might negatively impact the surrounding life. For instance, it requires a lot of moisture when young. This makes it drain humidity from the neighboring plants. Lack of adequate moisture makes them wither. In addition, it sucks nutrients beneath very fast, which ensures high competition for nutrients with nearby shrubs. Moreover, the tree may grow big and thus unfit for the backyard.
There are various options if you’re in Florida and are considering an Oak for your yard. Select one that best suits your space.